Single-Phase Induction Motors

Single-Phase Induction chain sprocket Motors
The single-phase engine operates beneath the same principle as the polyphase electric motor, except that the rotating magnetic field effect produced by the stator will not exist until running rpm is reached. Since no starting torque is offered, a design system is included to begin the motor. These are the various designations:

Torque-Speed Curves of Different Single-Phase Induction Motors

Shaded-pole: Have only 1 main winding and no start winding. This configuration causes a change of the applied magnetic field in romantic relationship to the rotor, creating stating torque. Applications include followers and small appliances.

Split-Phase (induction start electric motor)
Has two pieces of stator windings. The “start” windings sit 90 degrees to the “run” windings and change the magnetic field of the stator, inducing beginning torque. Applications include little grinders, small followers, and blowers.

Capacitor-Start
The most typical single-phase motor used in industrial applications. It is a modified split-phase engine with a capacitor in series with the beginning winding to provide a start boost. Software include small conveyors, large blowers, pumps, and direct-drives.

Permanent-Split-Capacitor (PSC)
Uses identical primary and auxiliary windings with a capacitor to supply starting torque. They are the most reliable single-phase engine because no centrifugal beginning switch is required. Applications include enthusiasts and pumps in HVAC and refrigeration industries.

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